Most gum infections are a result of the accumulation of bacteria in the gums. Plaque and tartar offer an environment for the bacteria to multiply. Therefore, to prevent gum infections, you should start by practicing good oral hygiene.
Periodontitis or gum inflammation is a serious gum disease that damages the soft tissue and without treatment can also damage your jawbone.
If your gums are healthy, they are likely to appear firm, pale pink, and snugly fitting on your teeth. Unhealthy gums are characterized by the following signs:
Some of the factors that increase the risk of gum diseases include:
Before receiving any gum disease treatments, your dentist might carry out a diagnosis to confirm the disease. To check if you have periodontitis and determine its severity, your Greely dentist will do the following:
Gum disease treatments are either surgical or non-surgical. Periodontists or dentists use surgical methods if the conditions are severe.
If your conditions are not severe, your dentist will recommend minimally invasive treatments. Such treatments include:
When performing a scaling procedure, your dentist or periodontist removes tartar and plaque from your gum lines and tooth surfaces. During the procedure, the dentist uses a laser or an ultrasonic device.
Your dentist can consider using oral or topical antibiotics. Topical antibiotics include insertion gels into the gum pockets and mouth rinses. You can also take pills that help in eliminating bacteria and fighting infections.
During this procedure, the dentist smoothens the rough surface on your tooth, thus discouraging pulp and tartar build-up. The process also removes bacterial byproducts that lead to inflammations. The procedure stimulates healing and reattachment of the gum to the teeth.
If your conditions are severe, your dentist might consider any of the following procedures:
Flap or pocket reduction surgery is a procedure that involves making tiny incisions on the pockets to lift them back. The periodontist lifts the gum sections to expose your gumline for scaling and root planing.
The periodontist might recontour the damaged bone before suturing the incisions.
Since gum diseases can cause bone degeneration, your dentist can decide to graft the damaged bone. Your dentist can use fragments of your bone, from a donor or synthetic ones. The graft prevents tooth loss by holding it in place.
Your gum tends to recede once you lose some tissue. You will require your gum tissue to be reinforced. Therefore, your periodontist will remove a small amount of tissue from the roof of your mouth. He or she will then graft them into your gums, thus hiding the parts of your gum lining that might be exposed to infections.
During this procedure, your dentist places a biocompatible fabric between your bone and tooth. The fabric will then prevent the entry of any unwanted tissue into the area, thus enhance bone regeneration.
Another procedure for treating gum diseases is using tissue-stimulating proteins. Your dentist applies a special gel around the tooth root. The gel contains proteins that help in the growth of the enamel, thus stimulating the growth of healthy and strong tissues.
The following measures will prevent or reduce the effects of gum diseases